The Difference between ‘Front End’, ‘Back End’ and ‘Full Stack’ Web Development

A web developer is a programmer who specializes in the development of World Wide Web applications, or applications that are run over HTTP from a web server to a web browser. There are three primary types of web developers: those who work on the Front End, those who work on the Back End and those who work on the Full Stack. Below we explore the difference between the three and what skills are needed for each. 

FRONT END

“Front End” typically refers to what you actually see on the website in the browser (and is often called “client-side”). This means that front end developers are responsible for everything that you see when you’re navigating around the Internet, from fonts and colors to dropdown menus and sliders.

UI-Developers (User Interface) also work on the client side. UI-Developers similarly use HTML, CSS, JavaScript and other client side technologies; however, there is less emphasis on scripting languages like JavaScript and more emphasis on HTML and CSS. The primary focus of the UI- Developer is to see how the website will look, feel, and behave in different contexts.

Skills needed: JavaScript, HTML, CSS, JQuery, HTML5, CSS3, Ajax, UI (User interface), UX (user experience), JavaScript Frameworks such as  Angular-s, Angular.js, ReactJS, vue.js, Ember.js and Meteor.js

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BACK END

While the front end is everything the user interacts with directly, “Back End” typically refers to the guts of the application which live on the server (and is often called “server-side”).  The back end of a website consists of a server, an application, and a database. Back end developers generally work with front end developers to make their code work within the site’s design (or to tweak that design when necessary) and user interface.

 Skills needed: JavaScript, HTML, CSS, JQuery, SQL, Java, Linux, Python, Ruby, PHP

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FULL STACK

Full Stack web development is a combination of both the front-end and back-end. “Stack,” means layer in this case. A full-stack web developer has expertise in all layers of a website’s development. This includes, but not limited to: the server, client and hosting, a form of data structuring or modeling, user interface and experience, as well as the needs of the actual business.

Skills needed: JavaScript, HTML, CSS, JQuery, PHP, SQL, Java, HTML5, Ajax, CSS3, Linux, Python, Ruby, UI (User interface)

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